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StoryMap by Canadian Geographic Education is designed as a resource for teachers to introduce and to understand treaties and agreements between Indigenous Peoples, the Crown, the federal government, as well as provinces and territories. The journey starts in what is now called upstate New York, then moves to the eastern coast of Canada before going west, and final north. Topics covered include Pre-Confederation Treaties, Numbered Treaties, Métis scrip, and Inuit land claims.Read More
Canadian Geographic and its publisher the Royal Canadian Geographic Society, created an interactive website, re: Location, as part of a larger initiative dedicated to highlighting community relocations n Canada. Learn about communities (historic and modern) that have been forced to relocate.Read More
Nature Canada has partnered with the Sakitawak IPCA, A Métis-led initiative to create an Indigenous Protected and Conserved Area (IPCA) in the community of Île-à-la-Crosse, to support their efforts to ensure a traditional trapping area located in Northern Saskatchewan’s pristine boreal forest becomes an Indigenous Protected and Conserved Area under Métis management.Read More
Indigenous Peoples in Canada are working to restore place names and revitalize their languages after colonial policies and law sought to eradicate them. The article, Reclaiming Indigenous Place Names, from the Yellowhead Institute shows the importance of restoring Indigenous place names to reclaim Indigenous knowledge and territories.Read More
Did you know that modern treaties cover more than 40 percent of Canada’s land mass? Or that more than 70 Indigenous groups are currently negotiating modern treaties?Read More
The book, A Line of Blood and Dirt: Creating the Canada-United States Border across Indigenous Lands, covers 150 years of history spanning two countries and dozens of ethnic groups. It’s a look at the messy and often violent history of the world’s longest undefended border.Read More
The Calgary Public Library friends Henri and Charlie teaches the significance of the Treaty 7 land acknowledgment, which recognizes the history of the lands in southern Alberta, including Calgary.Read More
Chris Hsiung, the producer and director behind Elder in the Making, also created Fox Chaser, which is now available on CBC Gem.
It’s a story that will take you into the harsh winters of northern Alberta where a young Cree trapper struggles to protect his childhood dream of living off the trapline. With encroaching industrial development and increasing family obligations, this may be his last chance for freedom in the bush.Read More
The US Department of Arts and Culture created a guide – Honor Native Land: A Guide and Call to Acknowledgement.
It calls on individuals and organizations to open events and gatherings with land acknowledgements and provides suggestions on how, and why, to do it.
An article in Walrus magazine looks at the destruction of Indigenous food systems and asks what would it take to restore them.Read More
This CBC News article includes a short video and looks at a program at Wanuskewin Heritage Park —a walking tour of medicinal plants used by Indigenous peoples. Or read Braiding Sweet: Indigenous Wisdom, Scientific Knowledge and the Teaching of Plants by Robin Wall Kimmerer. “As a botanist, Robin Wall Kimmerer has been trained to ask questions of nature with the tools of science. As a member of the Citizen Potawatomi Nation, she embraces the notion that plants and animals are our oldest teachers.” A delicious read.Read More
“The map of Canada is a rich tapestry of place names which reflect the diverse history and heritage of our nation. Many of the country’s earliest place names draw on Aboriginal sources.” This document from the University of Manitoba offers a starting point for your research!Read More
“Heritage Minutes” by Historica Canada offer a brief glimpse into the making of Treaty 9, presenting it from the perspective of historical witness George Spence, an 18-year-old Cree hunter from Albany, James Bay. Look in This Land for more comprehensive information on treaties.Read More
“The KAIROS Blanket Exercise™ program is a unique, participatory history lesson – developed in collaboration with Indigenous Elders, knowledge keepers and educators – that fosters truth, understanding, respect and reconciliation among Indigenous and non-indigenous peoples.” Many local organizations now offer facilitation for this exercise. It’s an incredible learning experience to continue your journey of Reconciliation.Read More
Everyone, at some point in their journey of Reconciliation, needs to read the 94 Calls to Action recommended by the Truth and Reconciliation Commission to “redress the legacy of residential schools and advance the process of Canadian reconciliation.” Or connect here to the Truth & Reconciliation Commission Final Report to read other sections and excerpts.
We have included this action in every category and every path on this website as a reminder of how important it is for us to understand the history and path of Reconciliation in our country.Read More
This book contains two essays from Arthur Manuel, described as the Nelson Mandela of Canada, and essays from renowned Indigenous writers Taiaiake Alfred, Glen Coulthard, Russell Diabo, Beverly Jacobs, Melina Laboucan-Massimo, Kanahus Manuel, Jeffrey McNeil-Seymour, Pamela Palmater, Shiri Pasternak, Nicole Schabus, Senator Murray Sinclair, and Sharon Venne.Read More
Begin all meetings and events with a land acknowledgement of the traditional territory on which you gather. It is a sign of respect, recognizing “you’re on the land of a Nation that has had a relationship since time immemorial with that land.” In addition to the links above, Amnesty International offers a guide for creating land acknowledgements and the Native Land website can also help you identify which territory you reside on.Read More
Mistahimaskwa (Big Bear) was a Plains Cree chief, best known for his refusal to sign Treaty 6 in 1876 and for his band’s involvement in violent conflicts associated with the 1885 North-West Rebellion. Photo Credit BiblioArchives, Government of Canada.